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Sikh Gurus

||Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji|| ||Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji|| ||Sri Guru Amar Das Ji|| ||Sri Guru Ram Das Ji||
||Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji|| ||Sri Guru Hargobind Ji|| ||Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji|| ||Sri Guru Harkrishnan Sahib Ji||
||Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji|| ||Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji||

SRI GURU ARJAN DEVJI

Guru Nanak

Birth: April 15,1563 at Goindwal (District Amritsar)
Parentage:
Father: Sri Guru Ram Das Ji Sodhi
Mother: Mata Bhaani ji
Spouse: Mata Ganga Devi ji, D/o. Sri Krishan Chand ji
Offspring:
Son: Sri Guru Har Gobind Sahib ji
Demise: May 30, 1606 : Martyred at Lahore (Pakistan)   

Guru Arjan Dev was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani. In 1581 AD he was invested with the Guruship by his father Guru Ram Das. Guru Arjan Dev completed the two tanks of Santoksar and Amritsar and undertook the expansion of Ramdaspur. He laid the foundation of the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in the middle of the tank of Amritsar. Guru Arjan Dev also purchased some land near Jullundur and laid the foundations of a new township called Kartarpur and a well called Ganga Sagar. Guru Arjan Dev built another great temple twelve miles away from Amritsar called it Tarn Taran. 

Guru Arjan started the arduous task of compiling the Third edition of the Holy Guru Granth Sahib. He decided to include the compositions of Hindu and Muslim saints, which were consistent with the teachings of Sikh Gurus. He included the works of such Hindu Bhaktas as Kabir, Jaidev, Namdev, Dahnna, Ravidas, Pipa and Ramanand. He also included the works of such Muslim divines as Mardana, Baba Farid, Satta and Balwand. This Third edition of the Guru Granth Sahib known at that time as Pothi Sahib was installed on a high pedestal within the Harmandir Sahib in August 1604 AD. The revered Baba Buddha was appointed the Third Granthi (custodian) of the book. Guru Arjan Dev dictated that the Pothi Sahib could be open to reading by anyone of any caste, creed or sex.

Guru Arjan Dev was tortured to death at the instance of Emperor Jehangir on the charges that the Pothi Sahib was blasphemous to both Hinduism and Islam.

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