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CHRISTIANITY

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Christianity is the religion of the followers of the teachings of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ was born as a Jew in Bethlehem in 4 BC to Virgin Mary. He was believed to have possessed supernatural powers. He began travelling widely and preaching to people in various towns. Alarmed by the growing popularity of Jesus Christ and his preaching, some Jewish priests conspired to kill him and succeeded in having him crucified. On the third day after his Crucifixion, Jesus was resurrected. He lived on earth for another 40 days and then ascended to heaven.

The incidents preceding and succeeding his birth matched the prophesies of the Old Testament, according to which, the son of God would be born on the earth to rid humanity of its sins. The followers of Jesus formed a new faith, which was named as Christianity (after Christ) and its followers, Christians. All over the world, Christianity has the largest adherents numbering more than 1.5 billion.

Fundamental Beliefs

Christians are monotheists and insist that the originator and preserver of creation is one but is represented in the Holy Trinity, as the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Christians see God as the Lord of Israel and the father of the divine and human figure of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ, was the eternal word of God who assumed human form to serve humanity and to rescue the human beings. Jesus Christ suffered and died to redeem mankind from sin. Christians also believe that Jesus Christ now sits at the right hand of God as the final judge of the dead, and that He will return again as prophesised.

Holy Scriptures

The holy book of the Christians is the Bible. The Bible contains a collection of writings dating from 9 BC to 1 AD written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and English. The Bible is divided into the Old Testament with 46 books and the New Testament with 27. The Old Testament is a Hebrew text, sacred to both the Jews and Christians and contains information about the creation of the world. The life and teachings of Jesus Christ, which form the centre of Christian belief, are recorded in the New Testament.

Sects

Christianity became the formal religion of the Roman Empire after Constantine, the Emperor of Rome, converted to Christianity in 313 AD. The religion was known as Catholic or universal, with the Roman Pope as its head. By the end of the 11th century, a large part of the world had become Christian. Soon many differences arose and in 1054 AD, the Church formally split into the Eastern Orthodox and the western Roman Catholic schools. In the 15th century, a new school of philosophy began to question the supremacy of the Pope. The new church councils began to claim authority alongside that of the Pope. In the 16th century Martin Luther advocated many reforms in the Church, which led to yet another split in the Christian community and the formation of Protestant churches across Northeast Europe. The Protestants disapproved of the authority of the Pope and advanced the cause of the Bible as the sole authority. Later several divisions developed even within the Protestant movement and several branches of Protestant Christians emerged.

Christians believe that Jesus Christ chose 12 learned men as messengers and directed them to spread his teachings and guide the populace. The 12 apostles are Peter (Simon); his brother Andrew; James; and his brother John; Philip and Bartholomew, the sons of Zebedee; Thomas and Matthew; James, son of Alphaaeus; Thaddaeus; Simon the Patriot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus Christ.

||Christianity in India|| ||Hinduism|| ||Jainism|| ||Buddhism || ||Sikhism|| ||Islam|| ||Christianity|| ||Zoroastrianism|| ||Judaism || ||Bahai Faith|| ||Other Faiths|| ||Pilgrimages|| ||Famous Religious Personalities||



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